What is contraception?

What is contraception? How do they work? What types are available?

Contraception is a method or device used to prevent pregnancy. There are many types of contraception and you can choose one that suits you. Contraception is free and available from your GP, sexual health clinic or young people’s service. Not all contraception will suit everyone or will be available at every GPs or sexual health clinic.

Even if you are only thinking about sex, it’s good to be prepared. Speak to a health professional about your options so you do not risk an unplanned pregnancy or a sexually transmitted infection (STI) as many types of contraception don’t protect you from getting or passing on an STI.

The main types of contraception include barrier methods, hormonal methods and long-acting reversible contraception. There are emergency contraception options available as well.